Consumers warned to avoid titanium dioxide

WASHINGTON — The Middle for Science within the Public Curiosity (CSPI) issued a warning Dec. 5 telling shoppers to keep away from merchandise formulated with titanium dioxide. The nanoparticles present in food-grade titanium dioxide might accumulate within the physique and trigger DNA harm and is a technique chemical substances trigger most cancers and different well being issues, in keeping with the group.

“Not like another chemical substances utilized in meals, titanium dioxide has no nutritive, preservative, or meals security perform — its use is solely beauty,” stated Thomas Galligan, principal scientist for components and dietary supplements on the CSPI. “The prospect of titanium dioxide nanoparticles damaging DNA is regarding sufficient for us to advocate shoppers keep away from meals which have it.”

Titanium dioxide was accepted as a colour by the Meals and Drug Administration (FDA) in 1966 and is usually used to interchange the white colour related to the absence of milkfat. The FDA limits its use to not exceed 1% of a meals’s weight, and it’s most utilized in confectionery, baked meals, frosting and filling purposes.

In its warning, the CSPI famous the European Meals Security Authority (EFSA) concluded in 2021 that titanium dioxide was not protected and subsequently banned to be used as a meals additive. However on Nov. 23, the Court docket of Justice of the European Union overruled that call and referred to as into query the reliability of the research used to assist EFSA’s conclusion.

Titanium dioxide’s cost and functionality make it an ingredient that’s troublesome to interchange. Options embrace calcium carbonate, rice starch, sugar and polyol crystals.

This previous July, a lawsuit was filed in San Francisco in opposition to Mars Inc. over the usage of titanium dioxide in Skittles sweet. Whereas the FDA permits titanium dioxide in meals, the lawsuit alleged Mars violated California’s Shoppers Authorized Cures Act. The plaintiff within the lawsuit later dropped the case.

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