EU data shows Campylobacter and Listeria up, hepatitis A down in 2021

Statistics on six ailments inflicting essentially the most meals and waterborne infections in Europe have been printed by the European Centre for Illness Prevention and Management (ECDC).

The newest information reveals hepatitis A instances in 2021 have been at their lowest since EU-level surveillance started in 2007, whereas 5 different ailments rose towards pre-pandemic ranges. 

Annual experiences for Campylobacter and Listeria weren’t printed in 2018, 2019 and 2020. The 2020 report for Salmonella was solely made obtainable in November 2022 and no report was printed in 2018 and 2019. Particulars on hepatitis A, Campylobacter and Listeria are beneath. Salmonella, E. coli and Yersinia can be coated in one other article.

Thirty international locations recorded 3,864 Hepatitis A infections in 2021. In 2020, 4,400 instances have been reported and, together with the UK, 11,370 in 2019.

A discount in instances was reported in Bulgaria, Denmark, and Estonia however infections in Hungary, Eire, the Netherlands and Sweden went up. Romania had essentially the most instances with 873, all of which have been hospitalized, adopted by 723 in Bulgaria and 582 in Germany.

Kids aged between 5 and 14 accounted for a big proportion of instances. In comparison with adults, they’re extra prone to develop delicate illness. Adults older than 44 made up virtually one-third of instances in Europe. Older adults are at elevated threat of extreme illness, hospitalization and loss of life.

5 multi-country and one nationwide cluster of hepatitis A virus infections have been reported. Three multi-country epidemics have been linked to the consumption of contemporary or frozen berries.

Campylobacter instances
In 2021, 30 international locations reported almost 130,000 confirmed cases of campylobacteriosis, with information together with Liechtenstein for the primary time since 2008. In 2020, 123,000 instances have been reported and in 2019, the determine was virtually 225,000 however this included infections within the UK.

Czech Republic and Slovakia had the highest notification charges whereas the bottom have been in Bulgaria, Cyprus, Greece, Poland, and Romania. Germany had essentially the most infections with virtually 48,000.

The variety of deaths attributed to campylobacteriosis was 26 and of 47,000 instances with obtainable information, 24 p.c have been hospitalized. Of greater than 3,100 travel-associated instances with a identified nation of an infection, 2,063 have been linked to journey throughout the EU. The notification charge was highest in youngsters youthful than 5 and in males in all age teams.

A complete of 249 foodborne outbreaks attributable to Campylobacter concerned 1,051 instances, 134 hospitalizations, and 6 deaths. Of 20 outbreaks with robust proof, seven have been attributable to broiler meat or broiler merchandise and three by bovine meat or meat merchandise.

In 2021, 18.4 p.c of greater than 8,000 official management samples monitoring course of hygiene at slaughterhouses exceeded the 1,000 Colony Forming Items per gram (CFU/g) restrict.

Listeria ranges
A complete of two,268 instances of listeriosis were reported in 2021 in comparison with 1,928 in 2020 and a pair of,652 in 2019.

Germany, France, and Italy had essentially the most instances with 560, 435 and 241, respectively in 2021. The highest incidence charges have been in Iceland, Finland, and Denmark.

Essentially the most affected age group was these over 64 years previous. Ninety-four instances of pregnancy-associated listeriosis have been reported. Of those, 10 resulted in miscarriage or loss of life of the new child.

Microbiological clusters detected within the information present that though multi-country occasions are usually small and have an effect on only some international locations, additionally they typically persist for a number of years, even many years.

Listeria monocytogenes was behind eight strong-evidence and 12 weak-evidence outbreaks that affected 94 folks, with 38 hospitalized and 9 deaths. 4 strong-evidence outbreaks have been attributable to fish merchandise with two every within the Netherlands and Sweden, three by meat merchandise, reported by Austria, Finland, and Sweden, and one by broiler meat in Germany.

“The persistently steady pattern seen on the EU/EEA-level and the severity of listeriosis are worrying and name for extra consideration to be given to the prevention and management of the illness and outbreaks,” stated ECDC.

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